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Surrogate Key is the unique identifier in any table. It is important to create a relationship between the two tables. This key acts as a primary key in one table and foreign key in the other.
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Merging queries involves combining two data tables based on a common column. This column should have similar values in the both tables.
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Calculated Columns are created to provide you with insights related to your data set and make data visualization easy and meaningful.
Flattening of the table refers to linking the tables attached to the ends of the schema. In data terminology it means changing the snow flake to star schema because star schema is the most preferred data model by industry experts. Modeling.
Flattening of Product table is important due to two reasons. Firstly, it helps to organizes the data model and secondly, hierarchy can be created in the same table of the data model.
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9. Creating Product Hierarchy
Power BI allows you to create Product Hierarchy for columns present in the same table.
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The Sales table contains two date fields, Order Date and Ship Date. We have already configured Order Date with the Date Table. Let’s see how you can use the second Date field.
To use Ship Date:
1. Click on Ship Date in the Sales Table and drag the cursor to date.
A dotted line is created between the Sales and Date table. This shows an inactive relationship between these two.
2. Click on the dotted line.
Edit Relationship box appears.
3. From the Cardinality drop-down menu, click on Many to one.
4. From the Cross filter drop-down menu, click on Single.
5. Click OK.
The date table must always have a cardinality of one to many with one the date side and many in the fact table.
Now we add description so that it is clear that the date table filters on Order Date
6. Click on Model Tab in the Left Ribbon.
7. Click on the Properties Pan.
8. In the Description area, type Filter Date by Order Date.
9. Click on Report tab in the left Ribbon to navigate to the Report Canvas.
10. Click on the Sales Table in the Field. Click on New Measure.
11. Type the following expression in the Formula Bar.
Using this DAX expression we will use the inactive Date Relationship.
12. Click on Table Visual in the Visualization Pane.
13. Drag and drop the Date field and the Name of Month from the Date Table to the Values.
14. Drag and drop the Sales Amount column and the Sale Shipped column to the Values.
Using the DAX measure you can see that the Sales recorded on January 20th, 2019 was Shipped on January 24th, 2019.
Some Common issues in Data Modeling issue emerge when the data modeling concepts are put into practice. One of the common problem is having multiple date entries in a single table. The dimension date table is configured with one of the date column and the other column has an inactive relationship. In this blog post, these active and inactive relationships have been discussed.
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